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全自动真空碳氢清洗机技术原理操作说明

作者:guanli来源:/时间:2022-06-23

全自动真空碳氢清洗机主要由超声波清洗槽和超声波发生器组成。超声波清洗槽采用坚固有弹性的不锈钢制成,底部装有超声波换能器振子;超声波发生器产生高频高压,通过电缆连接线传给换能器,换能器与振动板共同产生高频共振,使清洗槽中的溶剂受到超声波作用。清洁污垢的动作。
The automatic vacuum hydrocarbon cleaning machine is mainly composed of an ultrasonic cleaning tank and an ultrasonic generator. The ultrasonic cleaning tank is made of solid and elastic stainless steel, and the bottom is equipped with an ultrasonic transducer vibrator; The ultrasonic generator generates high-frequency and high-voltage, which is transmitted to the transducer through the cable connecting line. The transducer and the vibrating plate jointly generate high-frequency resonance, so that the solvent in the cleaning tank is subjected to ultrasonic action. The action of cleaning dirt.
当声压或声强达到一定程度时,气泡会迅速膨胀,然后又突然关闭。在此过程中,在气泡闭合的瞬间产生冲击波,从而在气泡周围产生1012-1013pa的压力并进行局部温度调节。这种超声波空化产生的巨大压力可以破坏不溶性污垢并使它们分化成溶液。蒸汽型空化对污垢的直接和反复影响。
When the sound pressure or intensity reaches a certain level, the bubble will expand rapidly and then suddenly close. In this process, a shock wave is generated at the moment when the bubble closes, resulting in a pressure of 1012-1013pa around the bubble and local temperature regulation. The huge pressure generated by this ultrasonic cavitation can destroy the insoluble dirt and make them differentiate into solutions. Direct and repeated effects of steam cavitation on fouling.
超声波发生器将交流电转换成超声波频率的功率,其频率范围一般为16khz-68khz,高可达1000khz。然后,电力通过电缆传输到传感器。超声换能器通常由几个平行的声头组成。在这里,电能转换成同频率的机械振动能并传递到清洗槽,从而在清洗液中形成来回振动的超声波声场。
The ultrasonic generator converts alternating current into ultrasonic frequency power. Its frequency range is generally 16khz-68khz, up to 1000khz. The power is then transmitted to the sensor by cable. Ultrasonic transducers are usually composed of several parallel sound heads. Here, the electric energy is converted into mechanical vibration energy of the same frequency and transmitted to the cleaning tank, so as to form an ultrasonic sound field that vibrates back and forth in the cleaning solution.
超声波清洗设备
在超声声场中,由于周围液体补给较晚,在振动负压区形成大量微真空气泡。当正压到来时,微泡在压力下突然闭合,液体之间的剧烈碰撞产生巨大的冲击波,可形成数千至数万个大气压和瞬间高温。这就是超声波的“空化”效应。气蚀具有良好的清洗和乳化作用,可以将被清洗工件表面的油污分离出来,从而达到快速清洗的目的
In the ultrasonic field, a large number of micro vacuum bubbles are formed in the negative pressure area of vibration due to the late supply of surrounding liquid. When the barotropic pressure comes, the microbubbles suddenly close under pressure, and the violent collision between liquids produces a huge shock wave, which can form thousands to tens of thousands of atmospheres and instantaneous high temperature. This is the "cavitation" effect of ultrasound. Cavitation has good cleaning and emulsifying effects, and can separate the oil stains on the surface of the cleaned workpiece, so as to achieve the purpose of rapid cleaning
此外清洁对象的大小决定了清洁篮的大小,从而决定了所需的设备类型。为了让超声波能够从各个方面发挥作用,建议选择体积稍大的设备,这也为以后的扩展提供了回旋余地。清洁的难度取决于被清洁物体的几何形状和污染的类型。对于复杂的清洗任务,建议增加蒸汽清洗或喷雾清洗等预处理步骤。加热后的清洗液有利于缩短清洗时间,更快去除污染物。因此,对于各种清洗物的清洗,通常使用带有加热装置的超声波清洗设备
In addition, the size of the cleaning object determines the size of the cleaning basket, thus determining the type of equipment required. In order to make ultrasonic wave play a role in all aspects, it is recommended to select equipment with a slightly larger volume, which also provides room for future expansion. The difficulty of cleaning depends on the geometry of the object to be cleaned and the type of contamination. For complex cleaning tasks, it is recommended to add pretreatment steps such as steam cleaning or spray cleaning. The heated cleaning solution can shorten the cleaning time and remove pollutants faster. Therefore, ultrasonic cleaning equipment with heating device is usually used for cleaning various cleaning materials.
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